End of Windows XP: Who all are at risk

windows

Microsoft will end support for the persistently popular Windows XP on Tuesday.

Microsoft will end support for the persistently popular Windows XP on Tuesday, and the move could put everything from the operations of heavy industry to the identities of everyday people in danger.

An estimated 30% of computers being used by businesses and consumers around the world are still running the 12-year-old operating system.

“What once was considered low-hanging fruit by hackers now has a big neon bull’s eye on it,” says Patrick Thomas, a security consultant at the San Jose, California-based firm Neohapsis.

Microsoft has released a handful of Windows operating systems since 2001, but XP’s popularity and the durability of the computers it was installed on kept it around longer than expected. Analysts say that if a PC is more than five years old, chances are it’s running XP.

While users can still run XP after Tuesday, Microsoft says it will no longer provide security updates, issue fixes to non-security related problems or offer online technical content updates. The company is discontinuing XP to focus on maintaining its newer operating systems, the core programs that run personal computers.

The Redmond, Washington-based company says it will provide anti-malware-related updates through July 14, 2015, but warns that the tweaks could be of limited help on an outdated operating system.

Most industry experts say they recognize that the time for Microsoft to end support for such a dated system has come, but the move poses both security and operational risks for the remaining users. In addition to home computers, XP is used to run everything from water treatment facilities and power plants to small businesses like doctor’s offices.

Thomas says XP appealed to a wide variety of people and businesses that saw it as a reliable workhorse and many chose to stick with it instead of upgrading to Windows Vista, Windows 7 or 8.

Thomas notes that companies generally resist change because they don’t like risk. As a result, businesses most likely to still be using XP include banks and financial services companies, along with health care providers. He also pointed to schools from the university level down, saying that they often don’t have enough money to fund equipment upgrades.

Marcin Kleczynski, CEO of Malwarebytes, says that without patches to fix bugs in the software XP PCs will be prone to freezing up and crashing, while the absence of updated security related protections make the computers susceptible to hackers.

He added that future security patches released for Microsoft’s newer systems will serve as a way for hackers to reverse engineer ways to breach now-unprotected Windows XP computers.

“It’s going to be interesting to say the least,” he says. “There are plenty of black hats out there that are looking for the first vulnerability and will be looking at Windows 7 and 8 to find those vulnerabilities. And if you’re able to find a vulnerability in XP, it’s pretty much a silver key.”

Those weaknesses can affect businesses both large and small.

Mark Bernardo, general manager of automation software at General Electric’s Intelligent Platforms division, says moving to a new operating system can be extremely complicated and expensive for industrial companies. Bernardo, whose GE division offers advisory services for upgrading from XP, says many of the unit’s customers fall into the fields of water and waste water, along with oil and gas.

“Even if their sole network is completely sealed off from attack, there are still operational issues to deal with,” he says.

Meanwhile, many small businesses are put off by the hefty cost of upgrading or just aren’t focused on their IT needs. Although a consumer can buy an entry-level PC for a few hundred dollars, a computer powerful enough for business use may run $1,000 or more after adding the necessary software.

Barry Maher, a salesperson trainer and motivational speaker based in Corona, Calif., says his IT consultant warned him about the end of XP support last year. But he was so busy with other things that he didn’t start actively looking for a new computer until a few weeks ago.

“This probably hasn’t been as high a priority as it should have been,” he says.

He got his current PC just before Microsoft released Vista in 2007. He never bought another PC because, “As long as the machine is doing what I want it to do, and running the software I need to run, I would never change it.”

Mark McCreary, a Philadelphia-based attorney with the firm Fox Rothschild LLP, says small businesses could be among the most effected by the end of support, because they don’t have the same kinds of firewalls and in-house IT departments that larger companies possess. And if they don’t upgrade and something bad happens, they could face lawsuits from customers.

But he says he doesn’t expect the wide-spread malware attacks and disasters that others are predicting – at least for a while.

“It’s not that you blow it off and wait another seven years, but it’s not like everything is going to explode on April 8 either,” he says.

McCreary points to Microsoft’s plans to keep providing malware-related updates for well over a year, adding that he doubts hackers are actually saving up their malware attacks for the day support ends.

But Sam Glines, CEO of Norse, a threat-detection firm with major offices in St. Louis and Silicon Valley, disagrees. He believes hackers have been watching potential targets for some time now.

“There’s a gearing up on the part of the dark side to take advantage of this end of support,” Glines says.

He worries most about doctors like his father and others the health care industry, who may be very smart people, but just aren’t focused on technology. He notes that health care-related information is 10 to 20 times more valuable on the black market than financial information, because it can be used to create fraudulent medical claims and illegally obtain prescription drugs, making doctor’s offices tempting targets.

Meanwhile, without updates from Microsoft, regular people who currently use XP at home need to be extra careful.

Mike Eldridge, 39, of Spring Lake, Mich., says that since his computer is currently on its last legs, he’s going to cross his fingers and hope for the best until it finally dies.

“I am worried about security threats, but I’d rather have my identity stolen than put up with Windows 8,” he says.

 

GadgEts n MobilEs: Windows 7: Tips & Tricks

GadgEts n MobilEs: Windows 7: Tips & Tricks.

Tips and Tricks for Microsoft’s operating system, Windows 7

Microsoft brings many innovations and improvements, however small things are the ones that sell the product.In the few pages that follow we will make review exactly those small and tiny things that make you love the Windows 7.

I decide to transfer my experience in previous work with Windows 7 but not in the form of a standard review of the operating system but rather in the form of tips and best practices (Tips & Tricks). In this way you may be able to help you out and show you how to use Windows 7 better, in other words, Microsoft will show you what you did to make you switch from your XP, Vista or any other operating system to Windows  7 .

Manage your windows in Windows 7

Windows 7 simplifies the management of documents and programs in a way that allows you to “pin” a window or manipulate the same size with one mouse maneuver or a simple keyboard with one click.

– See more at: http://gadgetsnmobiles.blogspot.in/2014/02/windows-7-tips-tricks.html#sthash.ZooqEdh4.dpuf

GadgEts n MobilEs: Windows 8 useful tips and tricks

GadgEts n MobilEs: Windows 8 useful tips and tricks.

1. Open from the lock screen

Windows 8 opens on its lock screen, it looks good but unfortunately displays nothing about what to do next. It’s all very straightforward . Just tap on the keyboard space bar, spin the mouse wheel or swipe upwards on a touch screen to reveal a regular login screen with the user name you created during installation. Enter your password to begin.

2. Handle basic navigation

Windows 8 interface is all with colourful tiles and touch-friendly application. And if you’re using a tablet then it’ll all be very simple: just swipe left or right on the touch screen to scroll, and tap any app tile that you want to open. On a regular desktop PC, you might alternatively spin the mouse wheel to scroll backwards and forwards.

You can also use the keyboard to. Press the Windows logo key to return to the Start screen; mouse right-click (or swipe down on touch screen ) apps you don’t need and select Unpin to remove them; and drag and drop the other tiles around to arange them as you like. Press the Home or End keys to jump from one end of your Start screen to the other, for instance, use the cursor keys to select a particular tile, hit Enter to select it…. See more at: http://gadgetsnmobiles.blogspot.in/2014/02/windows-8-useful-tips-and-tricks.html#sthash.yuZvodPn.dpuf

IBM, Lenovo Deal Is All About Winning

Selling the x86 line to Lenovo makes perfect business sense for IBM, Lenovo and their respective customers and business partners. Lenovo has a proven record, experience in high volume x86 desktop hardware, and a long history of working with IBM. Customers and business partners can be confident that Lenovo has a very high probability of succeeding with the x86 server businesses.

Lenovo Group’s US$2.3 billion deal to purchase IBM’s low-end, commodity x86 Server portfolios, related resources and operations is an all-around win for everyone involved.

The sale of the IBM x86 servers has been rumored for well over a year, as Big Blue grappled with continuing pressure on its low-margin x86 servers.

In its most recently completed fourth quarter, IBM’s revenue dropped 5.5 percent to $27.7 billion. Slumping hardware sales was the chief culprit for the revenue miss. IBM’s x86 server sales declined by 16 percent in the fourth fiscal quarter alone, following seven straight quarterly revenue declines.

Under the terms of the agreement, Lenovo will purchase the following:

  • IBM’s System x servers;
  • BladeCenter and Flex System blade servers and switches;
  • x86-based Flex integrated infrastructure systems;
  • NeXtScale and iDataPlex servers and associated software; and
  • IBM’s blade networking and maintenance operations.

Additionally, Lenovo gets all of the development, sales and marketing, finance, legal, integrated supply chain, operations, IT, manufacturing, and service and support (maintenance) operations associated with the aforementioned assets.

Also as part of the deal, Adalio Sanchez, general manager for System x and Pure Systems in the IBM Systems and Technology Group, will move to Lenovo and assume the same role there.

Approximately 7,500 IBM employees worldwide — including those based at major locations such as Raleigh, N.C.; Shanghai and Shenzhen, China; and Taipei, Taiwan — will be offered employment at Lenovo. Since Lenovo’s U.S. headquarters in North Carolina is close by IBM’s Raleigh offices, it should be an easy transition for the majority of Big Blue workers.

Digging Deeper Into the Deal

IBM will by no means abandon its high-end server business. Following are additional important provisions of the deal:

  • IBM will retain its enterprise systems portfolio, including System z mainframes, Power Systems, Storage Systems and Power-based Flex servers, as well as the PureApplication, PureData and SAP Hana appliances;
  • IBM and Lenovo will enter into a broad-based strategic collaboration;
  • Lenovo will become IBM’s preferred supplier of x86 server technology;
  • Lenovo will license, manufacture and resell IBM Storwize and tape storage technologies, the General Parallel File System, the SmartCloud Entry, elements of the x86 system software portfolios, and the Platform Computing portfolio;
  • Integrated systems software components will move to Lenovo;
  • Higher-level management tools like System Director and Flex Systems Manager will remain with IBM and be licensed by Lenovo;
  • IBM and Lenovo will work together on patches to IBM software required by Lenovo; and
  • Until the transaction is completed, the two companies will continue to operate independently.

The acquisition is expected to close later in 2014, pending regulatory approval. Once the transaction is complete, Lenovo will assume related customer service and maintenance operations. IBM will continue to provide maintenance delivery on Lenovo’s behalf for an extended period of time, so customers should see few or no changes in their maintenance support.

Both the IBM and Lenovo executives enthusiastically applauded the deal.

“The divestiture [of the x86 server line] allows IBM to focus on system and software innovations … such as cognitive computing, Big Data and cloud,” said Steve Mills, IBM senior vice president and group executive of the Software & Systems Group.

The acquisition of IBM’s x86 server portfolio will enable Lenovo to increase its current 2 percent niche market in servers by sevenfold to 14 percent, noted Peter Hortensius, senior vice president at Lenovo and president of its Think Business Group.

To accomplish that goal and “generate costs synergy,” Hortensius said, Lenovo will need to move most of the manufacturing from IBM’s existing facility in Virginia to Asia, while keeping some R&D in the U.S.

The Takeaway

Lenovo’s acquisition of IBM’s low-end, commodity x86 server portfolios is a tactical and long- term strategic win not only for IBM and Lenovo, but also for their respective business partners, customers, and the 7,500 IBMers who will make the move to Lenovo.

IBM and Lenovo have had a long, productive working relationship. Lenovo in 2005 bought IBM’s PC business, including the popular ThinkPad brand, for $1.7 billion; by 2012, Lenovo had surpassed all rivals to become the world’s top PC vendor.

IBM is following the money and the market trends. IBM’s server business is the world’s second-largest, with a 22.9 percent share of the $12.3 billion market in the third quarter of 2013, according to Gartner.

In fact, IBM’s System z Enterprise mainframe and high-end server market share and demand remain strong and solid. Overall, IBM mainframes have in excess of 90 percent market share in that segment.

The sale of the struggling x86 server line frees IBM to focus on what it does best: enterprise products and services — most notably, cloud computing and services, and Big Data Analytics via its soon-to-be-expanded Cloud Computing group and its newly formed Watson Business Unit.

No company has broader, deeper enterprise and services portfolio than Big Blue. IBM’s sale of its x86 Server business for $2.3 billion pays for its investment earlier this month of $1 billion in the new Watson BU headquartered in New York City, as well as the $1.2 billion it’s investing in expanding its Cloud Computing portfolio in 40 global data centers in 15 countries on five continents.

Is the $2.3 billion sale much less than IBM’s rumored $6.5 billion asking price for the x86 servers last summer? Probably. It was IBM’s decision to sell the x86 commodity server portfolio and associated services and make a swift, clean exit. The alternative was to retain the x86 server line and let it continue to bleed revenue and drain resources.

IBM is simultaneously shedding unprofitable products and thereby effectively funding its expansion into leading-edge and emerging market segments.

Selling the x86 line to Lenovo is an intuitive and obvious move that makes perfect business sense for IBM, Lenovo and their respective customers and business partners. Lenovo has a proven record, experience in high volume x86 desktop hardware, and a long history of working with IBM. Customers and business partners can be confident that Lenovo has a very high probability of succeeding with the x86 server businesses just as it has with IBM PCs.

Finally, there is the human element. The IBM/Lenovo x86 agreement also positively impacts 7,500 Big Blue employees globally. They can transition to Lenovo, which also has offices in Raleigh, N.C., so few, if any, will have to move.

The IBM/Lenovo deal opens the door wider for IBM to expand its footprint in China and the Pacific Rim.

In Conclusion

To sum up, IBM’s sale of its x86 business to Lenovo is the best possible outcome for all concerned.

Both companies must still execute once the transaction gets the necessary regulatory approval and closes. However, based on past history, the likelihood of success is high.

IBM will be able to forge ahead unhindered in its quest for continued innovation in enterprise systems and in the highly competitive cloud computing arena.